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Every hobby gardener would like to see a flowering perennial border with healthy plants. But it doesn't have to be a wish. With a little skill, you can get such a bed smoothly.The columbine is particularly suitable for planting in autumn
Planting perennials is actually not witchcraft. Nevertheless, there are a few important points to consider. These relate to the time of planting, the correct planting and the care of the perennials. After all, you need a little support to be able to develop vigorously.
When should perennials be planted?
Autumn is the best time of year to plant new perennials. So you can look forward to a particularly lavish bloom in spring. It is now the case that there are no longer any specific planting times. You can always plant more or less. Still, it makes a difference whether you plant flowers in spring or in autumn. If you plant the perennials in autumn, they can continue to grow and gain strength until frost. The plants then start a new growth spurt in spring.
Which perennials can be planted in autumn?
Columbine, chamois, berries and pasque flowers are particularly suitable for planting in autumn. You should also plant the peony in autumn. However, it takes three to four years to reach full bloom.
If the perennials are moisture-sensitive plants such as day lily or catnip, you should plant them in late summer, as too much moisture causes rot in winter and can more easily attack underdeveloped plants. Frost sensitive perennials, e.g. However, you should plant lily varieties in spring (March to May).
How to plant perennials properly
❶ Perennials generally like loose and humus rich soil. So loosen the soil a little before planting and work a little compost into the soil.
❷ Now remove the soil around the root ball of the perennial a little and immerse it in a bucket full of water for a few minutes.
❸ Now place the plant in the herbaceous border. Then water the freshly planted perennials well.
Since there are larger gaps between the perennials in which weeds can spread, it is best to cover them with a thin layer of mulch. This means that weeds do not grow in the gaps and the mulch provides important nutrients. Recommended reading: Make your own mulch - Here's how!
Perennials need to be cared for properly
You only need to support the perennials a little in the first year. You have to pour them e.g. during prolonged dry spells. It is best to water in the morning or evening.
Perennials need some nutrients. It is therefore best to fertilize them in the spring with compost, which you work into the soil around the plant.
If the plants don't want to bloom, you can help with some liquid fertilizer. After August, however, you should no longer give anything, otherwise the plants will become more sensitive to the cold.
❍ Cut back:
If you have perennials in your garden, you should cut them down to just above the ground in autumn. This is how you make room for new shoots in spring. When all plants have been cut off, spread a thin layer of compost around the plants. It serves as a spring fertilizer. This vitalises the perennials and extends their lifespan.
Perennials that have grown too large, rotten or too old should be divided. Dig out the root ball and shake the soil off gently. Then divide the root ball with a sharp knife. Then plant the parts in their new location in loose soil that you have enriched with some compost. After that, all you have to do is water the perennials.
Perennials do not really need protection in winter because they are frost hardy. However, if you have planted them fresh, you should cover the young perennial plants with some brushwood.